THE HUMAN MOVEMENTS AND IMMIGRATION CONGRESS ASKS THE UN AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS TO PROMOTE MULTICULTURAL MANAGEMENT OF IMMIGRATION
A total of 1,886 participants and 269 speakers from 64 countries have participated in the conferences held during the Human Movements and Immigration Congress.
“The UN and other international organizations need to promote respect for a series of norms and principles that comprise a multilateral framework for the management of immigration”. This is the only way, according to the conclusions of the Human Movements and Immigration Congress, it will be possible to ensure that immigration contributes to a fairer world.
Since September 2, the Human Movements and Immigration Congress--organized by the European Institute of the Mediterranean and the Universal Forum of Cultures Barcelona 2004—has studied how to convert immigration, which is considered a source of tension and conflict in many senses, into a positive force for peace, prosperity and greater comprehension between countries and cultures.
The conclusions of the Congress presented today describe the various aspects of immigration:
Growing phenomenon. Globalization and the increasingly wide gap between rich and poor countries; the world-wide demographic changes whereby some countries have a predominately elderly population and others have a primarily young population; and, the rise in conflicts, lead to the constant growth of immigration.
New realities of immigration. The feminization of immigration, emerging multiple cultural and national identities and the rapid adaptation of immigration to supranational companies, reveal the incapacity of current migration management.
Enriching societies. Migration contributes to cultural, political and economic enrichment not only in receiving countries but in countries of origin as well. Money sent back to countries of origin can have a significant impact on the overall reduction of poverty, while immigrants can also contribute to social and political changes in their countries of origin.
The challenge of social integration. We must build infrastructure and political institutions that promote non-discrimination and insure immigrant participation and social integration. At the same time, we must correct the negative image people have of immigrants in order to avoid possible social conflicts.
New policies for human movements. The conclusions of the HMI Congress recommend that the negotiation processes of immigration policies must be transparent and must contemplate the implicated areas (trade, investment, social integration) if they do not want to fail and do want to guarantee immigrants' human rights. The HMI Congress regrets the current international situation, after September 11, which makes the necessary cooperation between countries to establish organized forms of migration and the existence of a political will to share management responsibilities very difficult. Thus, the Congress has concluded that the UN and international organizations must "play a role in the formulation and promotion of acceptable principles for all parties that place immigration management into a multilateral framework."