JESÚS MARTÍN BARBERO: “WE HAVE TO CONSIDER RESTORATION AND REDISTRIBUTION OF THE STATE MODEL SO THAT IT CAN COOPERATE WITH CITIZENS”
Today, the Dialogue Communication and Cultural Diversity based its plenary session on access. The speakers, Lynne Muthoni Wanyeki and Jesús Martín Barbero spoke about cultural diversity in Africa and Latin America
Professor Jesús Martín Barbero explained that “we must acknowledge the new paradigm of vertical, linear communication that is moving to one based on the net.” Barbero thinks that the internet, “allows everyone to act in their own way before the large cultural industries, so we must consider the restoration and redistribution of the state model so that they can cooperate with citizens.” The net will be a public sphere where the “much needed political institution that diversity needs” can be built.
Barbero denounced “the extreme loss of prestige” on Unesco´s part because “they cannot connect the effects of commodification and culture”. Barbero talked about Latin America and expressed that “these people, who have seen their living conditions get worse over the last twenty years, are beginning to apply pressure.” This is the example of the indigenes communities that are generating new contradictions and new dynamics.
Barbero warned of “the possible implosion that could be set off in Latin American society if the inequality continues; therefore the great challenge is how to manage diversity.” Jesús Martín Barbero explained that Europe has been “rearranged” by two large movements, migration and the flow of information. “The best gift we could give Spain would be to fill it with Africans and Latinos in order to fill it with diversity and make it more democratic” Barbero concluded.
The executive director of the Women’s Development and Communications Network (FEMNET), Muthoni Lynne Wanyeki, explained that the notion of cultural diversity and its management hide aspects of cultural homogeneity without awareness of diversity, that culture is fixed or static and abut who has the right to interpret it. Along these lines, Wanyeki explained that these aspects prevail above the universal and indivisible rights above all the importance of gender.
Wanyeki explained that “although we show a homogeneous exterior, we do not have the rich and diverse debates in mind about issues such as Islam.” The executive director of FEMNET pointed out that “if we don’t understand and get to know these debates, cultural diversity could become problematic.” Wanyeki said that “we need complex laws and policies in order to manage diversity that also must be complex.”