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29 / 07 / 2004
Fernando Henrique Cardoso: Globalization has to be an act of acceptance of the other

The former president of Brazil pointed out today in his intervention in the Dialogue "Globalization, Identity, Diversity" that the world is worse off than we think, because there is no order.

Fernando Henrique Cardoso, former president of Brazil and professor of political sciences at Brown University, United States, said "globalization can not continue to be a pact between States, because this is not enough, it has to be an attitude of acceptance of the other, and this needs to forcibly filter through public opinion and the media."

In his presentation this morning, Henrique Cardoso said that "the world is not integrating in a homogenous way, the globalizing rules are only economic and do not take education, health, or other social spheres into account, therefore, globalization does not deal with the part of the world that is not ruled by these norms."

During his intervention in the session "Political Mediation Between Globalization and Identity," the renowned Brazilian scholar pointed out "a global civil society is forming that is characterized by the rise of neogovernmental organizations, a type of link between civil society and the States." In this sense, he pointed out "from the political point of view, globalization affects the rules of power, including non-globalized countries, which results in retrograde nationalisms, statism, border defense, that is, regressive ideologies appear as a response to this situation."

For Henrique Cardoso "governance is currently very difficult, but the States have to respond to the external pressures of globalization, and, at the same time, to the internal demands of their countries, which provokes contradiction and duplicity."

In his exposition, "Is a world governance possible?" the former president of Brazil advocated for the "search for more public spaces, not only the institutions that exist today." Likewise, he stressed that the world is worse off than people think, because there is no order, the World Bank, the IMF, the G-7, are, in the end the G-1, that is, the United States, and the United States is the Treasury secretary.

He also stressed that the World Trade Organization (WTO), is one of the few international institutions where there is a space so that developing countries can achieve something. Likewise, he pointed out that "The UN depends more and more on civil society and not on the states."